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ENERGY REPORT

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Small Scale Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Market 2015-2025

Small Scale Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Market 2015-2025

Liquefaction, Regasification, Satellite Station, Bunkering & Fuelling Station Forecasts

Product code: ENE0013

  • Publication date: 22/01/2015
  • Number of Pages: 184
  1. Report Details
  2. Table of Contents
  3. Companies Listed

Report Details

Visiongain identifies LNG import terminals and liquefaction plants as small scale if their regasification or liquefaction capacity is less than 1 mtpa. Other elements of the small scale LNG market are bunkering facilities used by LNG fuelled vessels, infrastructure to supply LNG as a fuel for road vehicles and LNG satellite stations.

Historically, LNG is produced by large scale liquefaction plants and imported by regasification terminals of large receiving capacities. LNG is transported internationally with the use of large scale LNG carriers. Technological advancements, geographical considerations and new uses of LNG have influenced the market for LNG infrastructure at a smaller scale. Visiongain assesses that Capex on small scale LNG will reach $4.59bn in 2015.

Small scale regasification terminals have capabilities to receive, store and regasify LNG. They can be supplied by small and large scale liquefaction plants operating domestically or from foreign suppliers. The reasons for having these smaller terminals vary from space limitation, areas with low energy demand and offering access to geographically stranded markets. Japan is an example of a country that strategically uses small scale LNG infrastructure to serve stranded markets within the country. Building pipelines to serve certain areas is not always feasible so small scale LNG facilities can be used instead. They can be constructed within a year, offering flexibility and expanding the scale of LNG infrastructure.

Small scale liquefaction plants are used when they can offer more economically viable solutions than their large scale counterparts. On occasions where the quantity of gas reserves does not support the building of expensive large scale liquefaction plants, economic efficiencies can be optimised through utilising smaller liquefaction plants. Large scale LNG plants can take up to ten years from final investment decision to start up date. Plants under 1 mtpa can be constructed within three years. The ability to enjoy profits in a shorter time is another driver for decisions to build smaller scale plants. Other than targeting smaller gas fields, these plants are used as peak shaving systems. These systems liquefy gas, store it and regasify it when demanded. They are applied to feed the natural gas grid when gas consumption peaks. Smaller liquefaction units are also used strategically to shorten distances between the less numerous large scale plants and gas markets. A less common application of these smaller plants is to make use of the otherwise flared gas at oil extraction sites. In China such plants are also used to provide fuel for heavy vehicles at industrial sites such as coal mining trucks.

Satellite stations complement the whole LNG supply chain. They can be used for gas storage, peakshaving and intermediate points between truck and rail deliveries. Using satellite storage stations for LNG enables the practice of storing gas for use when demand is at its highest level. For instance, in winter LNG stored in satellite stations can be utilised by the local community. LNG transported from major stations is treated and stored in the necessary state for further use. Satellites are increasingly used to receive and store LNG near industrial sites, with the LNG then used as fuel.

Demand for LNG as a marine vessel fuel is driving the development of LNG import and storage facilities at a number of locations. Examples of LNG bunkering stations are the Vestbase in Kristiansund, Norway by Gasnor Shell and the Yangzte River LNG terminal in China. Using LNG for freight transportation is a challenging proposition though. The premium of converting an existing vessel to LNG propulsion is still too high to be justified. Stricter emission regulations and favourable fuel usage costs are driving LNG bunkering. Norway is the country most established in LNG bunkering but proposals for bunkering facilities in other areas are growing. LNG bunkering to ships can be offered by trucks, ships, barges and stationary installations. These operations are commonly carried out at ports or LNG plants. Truck to ship and ship to ship bunkering offers a flexible choice of location for the operation. For instance, Barents Naturgass in Norway offers truck to ship bunkering in 25 different locations depending on customer preference.

LNG is increasingly used for onshore transportation driven by environmental targets. Compared to diesel, LNG has lower carbon emissions. China and the US are the leaders in offering LNG fuelling services for vehicles. Fuel stations are built to supply solely LNG or the facilities are incorporated at traditional fuelling stations. It is common to have stations offering both compressed natural gas (CNG) and LNG named LCNG stations. For road transportation LNG is primarily used for heavy vehicles such as trucks and buses.

Why you should buy the Small Scale Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Market 2015-2025 report
Small scale LNG is a dynamic and evolving market with distinctive drivers. The report will help you understand how this market is developing and identify investment opportunities by answering questions such as: What are the future trends in the small scale LNG market over the next ten years? Which national markets will prosper over the next ten years? Who are the main companies in the small scale LNG market in 2015? Which are the main technology providers in the small scale LNG market? Visiongain’s comprehensive analysis contains highly quantitative content delivering solid conclusions benefiting your analysis and illustrates new opportunities and potential revenue streams helping you to remain competitive. This definitive report will benefit your decision making and help to direct your future business strategy.

This 183 page report guarantees to deliver the following key information:

• View capital expenditure forecasts, as well as analysis, from 2015-2025 keeping your knowledge one step ahead of your competition and allowing you to exploit key business opportunities
- The report provides detailed projections of capital expenditure in the small scale LNG market as a whole, within the national markets and submarkets, allowing you to more effectively compete in the market. In addition, it profiles and analyses the main companies and technology providers in the small scale LNG market. As well as market forecasts from 2015-2025, our new study shows current market data, original critical analysis, and revealing insight into commercial developments and strategies.

• Our report provides 122 tables and figures examining the small scale LNG market space
- Let our analysts present you with a thorough assessment of the current and future prospects of the small scale LNG market. You will gain from our analyst’s industry expertise allowing you to demonstrate your authority on how the small scale LNG industry will develop and which countries stand to see most growth.

• Visiongain is one of the few business intelligence companies that provides full transcripts of primary research company interviews. Be part of this knowledge. Learn what industry thought leaders are thinking. Leaders hold critical information
- By reading the full transcripts of exclusive expert opinion interviews contained in the report you will keep up to speed with what is really happening in the industry. Don’t fall behind. You will gain a thorough knowledge of the current situation and potential development of the small scale LNG industry, you will find strategic advantages for your work and will learn how your organisation can benefit – allowing you to assess prospects for investments and sales.
- Deputy CEO of Swedegas (the operating company of the national grid in Sweden)
- The President of GasEner SRL (a company specialising in small scale LNG)

• Discover capital expenditure forecasts and analysis for the small scale LNG submarkets from 2015-2025
- What are the key trends and factors affecting each of the submarkets of small scale LNG market covered? How will these markets expand and why? Use our forecasts and expert insight to grow your business and give you more industry influence. Stay informed about the potential for each submarket with forecasts and analysis from 2015-2025:
- Small Scale Liquefaction
- Small Scale Regasification
- LNG Satellite Stations
- LNG Bunkering Facilities for Vessels
- LNG Fuelling Stations for Road Vehicles
- You will also receive details on more than 70 LNG bunkering projects, operational, planned and under construction.

• Understand the prospects for the leading national and regional small scale LNG markets
- Where are the greatest levels of capex currently being spent and what opportunities exist for growth going forward? See where and how opportunities exist with revealing individual market forecasts and analysis from 2015 to 2025. Each national market includes an overall forecast, as well as forecasts for each of the small scale LNG submarkets within each national market:
- China
- Europe
- US
- Japan
- Indonesia
- Rest of the World

• Read about how the recent fall in oil prices will affect the small scale LNG market
Included in the report is a lengthy discussion of the causes and consequences of the fall in oil prices since the summer of 2014. The report includes a ten year oil price forecast (upon which the capex forecasts are based), as well as laying out two alternative oil price scenarios and the factors that could bring them about.

• Identify which are the main companies of the small scale LNG market
- The report provides detailed profiles of 5 key companies operating within the small scale LNG market, as well as analysing other important players:
- Gasnor Shell
- Skangass AS
- Gazprom
- Energy Holdings Limited
- Kunlun Energy

• Identify who are the main technology providers of the small scale LNG market
- Our report reveals the main technology providers to this market, with profiles and analysis for each:
- Air Products & Chemicals Inc. (APCI)
- Black & Veatch
- Chart Industries Inc. (Chart)
- Cryostar Group
- Wartsila Hamworthy

Discover Information found nowhere else in this independent assessment of the small scale LNG market
The Small Scale Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Market 2015-2025: Liquefaction, Regasification, Satellite Stations, Bunkering & Fuelling Station Forecasts report provides impartial analysis. With the independent business intelligence found only in our work, you will discover where the prospects are for profit. In particular, our new research provides you with key strategic advantages: our informed forecasts, independent and objective analysis, exclusive interviews and company profiles will provide you with that necessary edge, allowing you to gain ground over your competitors.

With this report you are less likely to fall behind in knowledge or miss crucial business opportunities. You will save time and receive recognition for your market insight. See how this report could benefit and enhance your research, analysis, company presentations and ultimately your individual business decisions and your company’s prospects.

What makes this report unique?
Visiongain consulted widely with leading industry experts and the full transcripts from exclusive interviews with the Deputy CEO of Swedegas and President of GasEner SRL are included in the report. Visiongain’s research methodology involves an exclusive blend of primary and secondary sources providing informed analysis. This methodology allows insight into the key drivers and restraints behind market dynamics and competitive developments. The report, therefore, presents an ideal balance of qualitative analysis combined with extensive quantitative data including global, national and regional markets forecasts from 2015-2025.

Why choose visiongain business intelligence?
Visiongain’s increasingly diverse sector coverage strengthens our research portfolio. The growing cross-sector convergence of key verticals and the interplay of game changing technologies across hitherto unrelated industries are creating new synergies, resulting in new business opportunities for you to leverage.

As such, visiongain’s team of London based in-house analysts offer a wealth of knowledge and experience to inform your strategic business decisions. Let visiongain guide you.

How the Small Scale Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Market 2015-2025 report can benefit you
Visiongain's report will be of value to anyone who wants to better understand the small scale LNG market and its dynamics. It will be useful for businesses who wish to better comprehend the part of the market they are already involved in, or those wishing to enter or expand into a different regional or technical part of the small scale LNG market. This is an extremely exciting area from a growth and potential point of view. The report covers different sectors of what is defined as the small scale LNG market that each present unique business propositions.

You will discover forecasts for the period 2015-2025 in terms of capital expenditure for the small scale LNG market for the six national markets and the five submarkets. In addition you will see profiles and analysis of key companies within the global market. Only by purchasing this report will you receive this critical business intelligence revealing where and why capital expenditure growth is likely and where the lucrative potential market prospects are located. Don’t miss this key opportunity to gain a competitive advantage.

If you buy our report today your knowledge will stay one step ahead of your competitors. Discover how our report could benefit your research, analyses and strategic decisions, saving you time. To gain an understanding of how to tap into the potential of this market and stay one step ahead of the competition order the Small Scale Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Market 2015-2025 report.

Visiongain is a trading partner with the US Federal Government
CCR Ref number: KD4R6

Table of Contents

1. Report Overview
1.1 Global Small Scale LNG Market Overview
1.2 Global Small Scale LNG Market Segmentation
1.3 Market Definition  
1.4 How This Report Delivers
1.5 Key Questions Answered by This Analytical Report Include:
1.6 Why You Should Read This Report
1.7 Methodology  
1.8 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
1.9 Associated Visiongain Reports
1.10 About Visiongain  

2. Introduction to the Small Scale LNG Market
2.1 What is Natural Gas Liquefaction and Regasification   
2.2 Brief History of LNG Infrastructure
2.3 LNG Market Dynamics      
2.4 Small Scale LNG Submarket Categories   
2.5 The LNG Supply Chain         

3. Global Small Scale LNG Market 2015-2025
3.1 Global Small Scale LNG Market Forecast 2015-2025
3.2 The Global LNG Market       
3.2.1 The Expansion of the Global LNG Trade    
3.2.2 The Global LNG Market Outlook      
3.2.3 LNG Demand Forecasts        
3.2.4 Threats to LNG Demand       
3.2.5 Impact of Travel Distances on Global LNG Trade    
3.2.6 Energy Security as a Driver for LNG Infrastructure Development    
3.3 LNG Trade versus Natural Gas Pipelines     
3.4 Small-Scale LNG Carriers as Part of the LNG Supply Chain  
3.5 Oil Prices and the Small Scale LNG Market
3.5.1 Visiongain’s Oil Price Analysis     
3.6 Global Small Scale LNG Market Drivers & Restraints

4. Small Scale LNG Submarkets Forecast 2015-2025
4.1 Small Scale Regasification Market Forecast 2015-2025
4.1.1 Small Scale Regasification Analysis
4.2 Small Scale Liquefaction Market Forecast 2015-2025
4.2.1 Small Scale Liquefaction Analysis
4.3 LNG Satellite Stations Market Forecast 2015-2025     
4.3.1 Small Scale LNG Satellite Stations Analysis
4.4 LNG Bunkering Facilities for Vessels Market Forecast 2015-2025    
4.4.1 LNG Bunkering Facilities for Vessels Analysis  
4.5 LNG Fuelling Stations for Road Vehicles Market Forecast 2015-2025  
4.5.1 LNG Fuelling Stations for Road Vehicles Analysis  

5. Leading National Small Scale LNG Markets Forecasts 2015-2025
5.1 China Small Scale LNG Market Forecast 2015-2025    
5.1.1 China Small Scale LNG Submarkets Analysis
5.1.1.1 Small Scale LNG Regasification Terminals in China
5.1.1.2 Small Scale Liquefaction Plants in China
5.1.1.3 LNG Fuelling Stations in China
5.1.1.4 LNG Bunkering Facilities in China
5.1.1.5 LNG Satellite Stations in China
5.1.2 China’s Natural Gas Pipelines and the Small Scale LNG Market
5.1.3 Shale Gas Development in China               
5.1.4 Coalbed Methane Development in China     
5.1.5 Tight Gas Development in China      
5.2 US Small Scale LNG Market Forecast 2015-2025    
5.2.1 US Small Scale LNG Submarkets Analysis
5.2.1.1 Small Scale LNG Regasification Terminals in US
5.2.1.2 Small Scale Liquefaction Plants in US
5.2.1.3 LNG Fuelling Stations in US
5.2.1.4 LNG Satellite Stations in US
5.2.1.5 LNG Bunkering facilities in US
5.2.2 US Shale Gas Market   
5.3 Indonesia Small Scale LNG Market & Submarket Forecasts 2015-2025
5.3.1 Indonesia Small Scale LNG Submarkets Analysis
5.3.1.1 Small Scale LNG Regasification Terminals in Indonesia
5.3.1.2 Small Scale Liquefaction Plants in Indonesia
5.3.1.3 LNG Fuelling Stations in Indonesia
5.3.1.4 LNG Satellite Stations in Indonesia
5.3.1.5 LNG Bunkering facilities in Indonesia
5.3.2 The Indonesian Shift to Natural Gas Consumption  
5.3.3 The Indonesian Domestic Gas Trade      
5.3.4 Coalbed Methane in Indonesia      
5.4 Europe Small Scale LNG Market Forecast 2015-2025   
5.4.1 Europe Small Scale LNG Submarkets Analysis
5.4.1.1 Small Scale LNG Regasification Terminals in Europe
5.4.1.2 Small Scale Liquefaction Plants in Europe
5.4.1.3 LNG Fuelling Stations in Europe
5.4.1.4 LNG Satellite Stations in Europe
5.4.1.5 LNG Bunkering Facilities in Europe
5.4.2 Break Bulk Facilities in Europe       
5.4.3 How Does the Ukraine Crisis Impact Future European LNG Demand?
5.4.4 The Impact of Gas Pipeline Developments on LNG Infrastructure Investment
5.4.5 The Economics of LNG Imports vs. Russian Gas
5.4.6 Is Europe Shifting to Natural Gas Power Generation?
5.5 Japan Small Scale LNG Market Forecast 2015-2025    
5.5.1 Japan Small Scale LNG Submarkets Analysis
5.5.1.1 Small Scale LNG Regasification Terminals in Japan
5.5.1.2 Small Scale Liquefaction Plants in Japan
5.5.1.3 LNG Fuelling Stations in Japan
5.5.1.4 LNG Satellite Stations in Japan
5.5.1.5 LNG Bunkering facilities in Japan
5.5.2 Nuclear Power Generation Restart     
5.5.3 The Future of Coal Power Generation    
5.6 Rest of the World Small Scale LNG Market Forecast 2015-2025
5.6.1 Rest of the World Small Scale LNG Submarkets Analysis
5.6.1.1 Small Scale LNG Regasification Terminals in Rest of the World
5.6.1.2 Small Scale Liquefaction Plants in Rest of the World
5.6.1.3 LNG Fuelling Stations in Rest of the World
5.6.1.5 LNG Bunkering Facilities in Rest of the World
5.6.1.4 LNG Satellite Stations in Rest of the World
 
6. Pest Analysis of the Small Scale LNG Market 2015-2025   

7. Expert Opinion           
7.1 Swedegas  
7.1.1 Swedegas Operations  
7.1.2 Port of Gothenburg LNG Facility    
7.1.3 LNG Ship Bunkering       
7.1.4 LNG Fuel for Road Vehicles         
7.1.5 Northern Europe and Project Opportunities     
7.2 GasEner SRL  
7.2.1 GasEner SLR Operations   
7.2.2 Small Scale Liquefaction and Regasification     
7.2.3 The LNG Supply Chain         
7.2.4 LNG Ship Bunkering         
7.2.5 The Small and Large Scale LNG Markets Relationship  
7.2.6 LNG Satellite Stations         
7.2.7 Regions for Small-Scale LNG       

8. Small Scale LNG Technology Providers      
8.1 Air Products & Chemicals Inc, (APCI)      
8.2 Black & Veatch          
8.3 Chart Industries, Inc. (Chart)        
8.4 Cryostar Group           
8.5 Wartsila Hamworthy  

9. Small Scale LNG Companies        
9.1 Gasnor Shell Overview        
9.1.1 Gasnor Shell Analysis         
9.1.2 Gasnor Shell Future Outlook       
9.2 Skangass AS Overview         
9.2.1 Skangass AS Analysis         
9.2.2 Skangass AS Future Outlook        
9.3 Gazprom Overview          
9.3.1 Gazprom Analysis         
9.3.2 Gazprom Future Outlook        
9.4 Energy Holdings Limited (ENN) Overview      
9.4.1 ENN Analysis          
9.4.2 ENN Future Outlook         
9.5 Kunlun Energy Limited Overview       
9.5.1 Kunlun Energy Analysis        
9.5.2 Kunlun Energy Future Outlook       
9.6 Other Notable Companies in the Small Scale LNG Market 

10. Conclusions and Recommendations
10.1 Market Outlook  
10.2 Key Findings  
10.3 Recommendations  

11. Glossary

List of Tables
Table 1.1 Leading Small Scale LNG Market Spaces Forecast 2015-2025 ($m AGR%)
Table 2.1 LNG Industry Brief Early History Timeline
Table 3.1 Global Small Scale LNG Market Forecast 2015-2025 ($m, AGR %, CAGR %, Cumulative)
Table 3.2 Visiongain’s Assumed Brent Oil Price, High Oil Price Scenario and Low Price Scenario (2015, 2016, 2017-2020, 2021-2025) $/Barrel
Table 3.3 Global Small Scale LNG Market Drivers & Restraints
Table 4.1 Small Scale LNG Submarket Forecasts 2015-2025 ($m, Cumulative)
Table 4.2 Small Scale Regasification Market Forecast by National Market 2015-2025($m, AGR %, Cumulative)
Table 4.3 Small Scale Regasification Projects Examples
Table 4.4 Small Scale Liquefaction Market Forecast by National Market 2015-2025 ($bn, AGR %, Cumulative)
Table 4.5 Small Scale Liquefaction Projects Examples
Table 4.6 LNG Satellite Stations Market Forecast by National Market 2015-2025 ($m, AGR %, Cumulative)
Table 4.7 LNG Bunkering Facilities for Vessels Market Forecast by National Market 2015-2025 ($m, AGR %, Cumulative)
Table 4.8 Operational LNG Bunkering Facilities for Vessels (Name, Location, Country, Company, Date, Notes)
Table 4.9 LNG Bunkering Facilities for Vessels Projects Under Construction, Planned or Studied (Name, Location, Country, Company, Date, Status, Notes)
Table 4.10 LNG Fuelling Stations for Road Vehicles Market Forecast by National Market 2015-2025 ($m, AGR %, Cumulative)
Table 5.1 Leading National Small Scale LNG Market Forecast by Submarket 2015-2025 ($m)
Table 5.2 China Small Scale Market Forecast by Submarket 2015-2025 ($m, AGR %, Cumulative)
Table 5.3 LNG Bunkering Projects in China (Name, Location, Company, Date, Status)
Table 5.4 US Small Scale Market Forecast by Submarket 2015-2025 ($m, AGR %, Cumulative)
Table 5.5 Small Scale Liquefaction Plants in US (Plant Name, Location, Country, Liquefaction Capacity, Start Date, Company)
Table 5.6 LNG Bunkering Projects in US (Name, Location, Company, Date, Status, Notes)
Table 5.7 Indonesia Small Scale Market Forecast by Submarket 2015-2025 ($m, AGR %, Cumulative)
Table 5.8 Europe Small Scale Market Forecast by Submarket 2015-2025 ($m, AGR %, Cumulative)
Table 5.9 Small Scale LNG Import Terminals in Europe (Plant Name, Location, Country, Receiving Capacity, Start Date, Company, Status)
Table 5.10 Small Scale Liquefaction Plants in Europe (Plant Name, Location, Country, Liquefaction Capacity, Start Date, Company)
Table 5.11 LNG Bunkering Projects in Europe (Name, Location, Company, Date, Status (O:Operational, C:Under Construction, P:Planned, S:Studied), Notes)
Table 5.12 Japan Small Scale Market Forecast by Submarket 2015-2025 ($m, AGR %, Cumulative)
Table 5.13 Small Scale LNG Import Terminals in Japan (Plant Name, Location, Receiving Capacity, Start Date, Company, Status)
Table 5.14 RoW Small Scale Market Forecast by Submarket 2015-2025 ($m, AGR %, Cumulative)
Table 5.15 LNG Bunkering Projects in Rest of the World (Name, Location, Country, Company, Date, Status)
Table 6.1 PEST Analysis of the Small Scale LNG Market
Table 8.1 Liquefaction Technologies Provided by APCI
Table 8.2 Floating Liquefaction Technologies Provided by APCI
Table 8.3 LNG Project Types by Black & Veatch
Table 8.4 Distribution & Storage and Energy & Chemicals Products by Chart
Table 8.5 Cryostar Sectors and Operations
Table 8.6 Wartsila Products (Sectors, Notes)
Table 9.1 Gasnor Shell (Base, Operating Area, Founding Year, Ownership, Primary Business, Website, Contact)
Table 9.2 Skangass AS (Base, Operating Area, Founding Year, Ownership, Primary Business, Subsidiaries, Website, Contact)
Table 9.3 Skangass AS LNG Operations
Table 9.4 Gasnor Shell (Base, Operating Area, 2013 Revenue, Founding Year, Ownership, Primary Business, Website, Contact)
Table 9.5 ENN (Base, Primary Operating Area, Other Operating Areas, Founding Year, Ownership, Primary Business, Website, Contact)
Table 9.6 Kunlun Energy (Headquarters, Incorporated, Primary Operating Area, 2013 Revenue, Founding Year, Primary Business, Website, Contact)
Table 10.1 Global Small Scale LNG Market Forecast Capex ($m), AGR(%) , CAGR(%), 2015-2025
Table 10.2 Small Scale LNG National Markets Capex Forecasts Summary 2015, 2020, 2025
Table 10.3 Small Scale LNG Submarkets Capex Forecasts Summary 2015, 2020, 2025

List of Figures
Figure 1.1 Global LNG Growth (1990-2013)
Figure 1.2 Global Small Scale LNG Market Segmentation Overview
Figure 1.3 Small-Scale LNG Market Space Definitions
Figure 1.4 Sample Submarket Forecast 2015-2025 ($m, AGR%)
Figure 2.1 Global LNG Market Growth, 1990-2013
Figure 2.2 Simplified Flow Diagram of the Liquefaction Process
Figure 2.3 Henry Hub ($/mbtu), 1997-2014
Figure 2.4 LNG Price $/mbtu, August 2013, August 2014; By Region
Figure 2.5 The Top 10 LNG Exporting Countries (MTPA) 2014
Figure 2.6 The Top 10 LNG Importing Countries (MTPA) 2014
Figure 2.7 The LNG Supply Chain from Field Production to Gas Grid
Figure 2.8 The LNG Supply Chain Including Small Scale Operations
Figure 3.1 Global Small Scale LNG Market Forecast, 2015-2025 ($m, AGR %)
Figure 3.2 Cumulative 10-Year Forecast Value by National Market, 2015-2025, ($m)
Figure 3.3 Percentage of Cumulative 10-Year Forecast Value by National Market, 2015-2025, ($m)
Figure 3.4 Market Share Change by National Market from 2015 to 2025 (%)
Figure 3.5 World Natural Gas Consumption Forecast, 2010-2040 (Trillion Cubic Feet)
Figure 3.6 World Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Fuel Type, 1990-2040 (Billion Metric Tons)
Figure 3.7 Flaring by Country and Worldwide (bcm), 2007-2011
Figure 3.8 Greenhouse Gases and Harmful Emissions: Coal and Natural Gas Compared (Parts per Million)
Figure 3.9 Global Shale Gas Resources by Region (Trillion Cubic Feet)
Figure 3.10 LNG Transit Route Distances and Landed Costs (km, $/mbtu)
Figure 3.11 Monthly WTI and Brent Oil Prices January 2011 - October 2014 ($/Barrel)
Figure 3.12 Weekly WTI and Brent Oil Prices 25 July 2014 - 14 November 2014 ($/Barrel)
Figure 3.13 US Crude Oil Production From Different Sources, 1990-2040 (million bpd)
Figure 3.14 Chinese and Indian Annual GDP Growth 2005-2013 (%)
Figure 3.15 Visiongain’s Assumed Brent Oil Price, High Oil Price Scenario and Low Price Scenario (2015, 2016, 2017-2020, 2021-2025) $/Barrel
Figure 4.1 Global Small Scale LNG Market Forecast by Submarket, 2015-2025 ($m, AGR %)
Figure 4.2 Percentage of Cumulative 10-Year Forecast Value by Submarket, 2015-2025, ($m)
Figure 4.3 Percentage of Global Capex by Each Submarket Forecast 2015, 2020 and 2025
Figure 4.4 Market Share Change by Submarket from 2015 to 2025
Figure 4.5 Small Scale Regasification Market Forecast by National Market 2015-2025 ($m, AGR%)
Figure 4.6 Cumulative 10-Year Forecast Value of Small Scale Regasification by National Market, 2015-2025, ($m)
Figure 4.7 Market Share Change of Small Scale Regasification by National Market from 2015 to 2025 (%)
Figure 4.8 Small Scale Liquefaction Market Forecast by National Market 2015-2025 ($m, AGR%)
Figure 4.9 Cumulative 10-Year Forecast Value of Small Scale Liquefaction by National Market, 2015-2025, ($m)
Figure 4.10 Market Share Change of Small Scale Liquefaction by National Market from 2015 to 2025 (%)
Figure 4.11 LNG Satellite Stations Market Forecast by National Market 2015-2025 ($m, AGR%)
Figure 4.12 Cumulative 10-Year Forecast Value of LNG Satellite Stations by National Market, 2015-2025, ($m)
Figure 4.13 Market Share Change of LNG Satellite Stations by National Market from 2015 to 2025 (%)
Figure 4.14 LNG Bunkering Facilities for Vessels Market Forecast by National Market 2015-2025 ($bn, AGR%)
Figure 4.15 Cumulative 10-Year Forecast Value of LNG Bunkering Facilities for Vessels by National Market, 2015-2025, ($m)
Figure 4.16 Market Share Change of LNG Bunkering Facilities for Vessels by National Market from 2015 to 2025 (%)
Figure 4.17 LNG Emissions Compared to Heavy Fuel Oil (HF0)
Figure 4.18 LNG Fuelling Stations for Road Vehicles Market Forecast by National Market 2015-2025 ($m, AGR%)
Figure 4.19 Cumulative 10-Year Forecast Value of LNG Fuelling Stations for Road Vehicles by National Market, 2015-2025, ($m)
Figure 4.20 Market Share Change of LNG Fuelling Stations for Road Vehicles by National Market from 2015 to 2025 (%)
Figure 4.21 LNG Fuel Efficiency Compared to Other Road Fuels
Figure 4.22 LNG Average Price Compared to Average Prices of Other Fuels in the US in July 2014, ($/Diesel Galon Equivalent)
Figure 5.1 Leading National Small Scale LNG Market Forecasts 2015-2025 ($m)
Figure 5.2 Percentage of Global Capex by Each National Market Forecast 2015, 2020 and 2025
Figure 5.3 China Small Scale LNG Market Forecast 2015-2025 ($m, AGR%)
Figure 5.4 China Small Scale LNG Submarkets Capex Forecast 2015-2025 ($m)
Figure 5.5 China Small Scale LNG Submarket Percentages 2015, 2025
Figure 5.6 US Small Scale LNG Market Forecast 2015-2025 ($m, AGR%)
Figure 5.7 US LNG Import (mcf per month), January 2008 – July 2014
Figure 5.8 US Small Scale LNG Submarkets Capex Forecast 2015-2025 ($m)
Figure 5.9 US Small Scale LNG Submarket Percentages 2015, 2025
Figure 5.10 US Small Scale LNG Submarket Percentages 2015, 2025
Figure 5.11 Indonesia Small Scale LNG Market Forecast 2015-2025 ($m, AGR%)
Figure 5.12 Indonesia LNG Exports 1987-2013
Figure 5.13 Small Scale Indonesia Submarkets Capex Forecast 2015-2025 ($m)
Figure 5.14 Indonesia Small Scale LNG Submarket Percentages 2015, 2025
Figure 5.15 Indonesian Primary Energy Consumption, 2012
Figure 5.16 Europe Small Scale LNG Market Forecast 2015-2025 ($m, AGR%)
Figure 5.17 Small Scale Europe Submarkets Capex Forecast 2015-2025 ($m)
Figure 5.18 Europe Small Scale LNG Submarket Percentages 2015, 2025
Figure 5.19 Japan Small Scale LNG Market Forecast 2015-2025 ($m, AGR%)
Figure 5.20 Japanese Natural Gas Production and Consumption (bcf/a, production as a % of consumption), 1981-2013
Figure 5.21 Japan Small Scale LNG Submarkets Capex Forecast 2015-2025 ($m)
Figure 5.22 Japan Small Scale LNG Submarket Percentages 2015, 2025
Figure 5.23 Japan Energy Mix Before and After Fukushima
Figure 5.24 LNG Imports Prices Recorded in August 2014
Figure 5.25 Rest of the World Small Scale LNG Market Forecast 2015-2025 ($m, AGR%)
Figure 5.26 Rest of the World Small Scale LNG Submarkets Capex Forecast 2015-2025 ($m) July 2014
Figure 5.27 Rest of the World Small Scale LNG Submarket Percentages 2015, 2025

Companies Listed

Aarhus Havn
AGA AB
Air Liquide
Air Products and Chemicals Inc. (APCI)
Alpha Natural Resources
Anhui Huaqiang Natural Gas
Anthony Veder
Apache
APNG (Applied Natural Gas Fuels)
Barents Naturgass
Bayernwerk AG
BG Group
Black & Veatch
BOC Gas
BP
Buffalo Marine Service
Buquebus
Chart Industries, Inc.
Cheniere Texas
Chesapeake Energy
Chevron
China LNG Group Limited
China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC)
Chinese Construction Bank (CCB)
Chinese National Offshore Oil Corp (CNOOC)
Clean Energy Corp.
Colony Energy Partners
Conferenza GNL
ConocoPhillips
Consol Energy
Cryostar Group
Deen Shipping
DNV GL
Dunkerque LNG
DUON
Enagas
ENI
ENN Energy Holdings
ENOS LNG
Exmar
ExxonMobil
Fairbanks Natural Gas
Fenosa Reganosa
Fjord Line AS
Flint Hills Resources
Fortis BC Energy
Fujian Energy
Gas Natural
GasEner SLR
Gasnor Shell
Gasum
Gasunie
Gavle Hamn
Gaz Métro LNG
Gazprom
GE-Energy
Golar LNG
Gyproc AS
Harvey Gulf International Marine
Hawaiian Electric Company
Hess Corporation
Hiroshima LNG
Hokkaido Gas
I.M. Skaugen
InterStream Barging
Japan Exploration Co. Ltd (Japex)
Jensen Maritime
Jereh Group
JX Nippon Oil & Energy
Klaipedos Nafta
Kogas
Kunlun Energy Company Limited
Linde Group
Liquefied Natural Gas Limited
Liquiline
Lloyds Register
LNG America
LNG Europe B.V.
Manga LNG
Nihon Gas
Noble Energy
Ohio Gas Company
Okinawa EP
Osaka Gas
Oy AGA Ab
Pertamina
PetroChina
Plum Energy
Polish Oil and Gas Co.
Polski LNG
Preem Petroleum Corporation
PT Perusahaan Listrik Negara
Puget Sound Energy
Repsol
Royal Dutch Shell plc
Saga Fjordbase
Saibu Gas
Sakaide LNG
Salof
Sendai Municipal Gas
Sinopec
Skangass AS
Spectrum LNG
Stabilis Energy
Swedegas
Tenaska NG Fuels
Toho Gas
Total
United Parcel Service (UPS)
Veka Deen LNG
Veka Group
Vopak
Waller Marine
Wartsila Hamworthy
Wuchang Shipbuilding
Xilan Natural Gas Group

Other Organisations Mentioned in This Report
Office of the Federal Coordinator for Alaska Natural Gas Transportation Projects (Arcticgas)
China Ministry of Land and Resources
Chinese Communist Party (CCP)
Conference Board
Department of Energy (DoE) US
Energy Information Administration (EIA), US
European Union (EU)
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC)
Great Lakes Maritime Research Institute
International Gas Union (IGU)
International Maritime Organisation (IMO)
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Japan’s Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry
Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore
National Energy Administration (NEA) China
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
New York City Department of Transportation
Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
US Maritime Administration
World Bank

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